Black Oscar Winners & Nominees

BLACK OSCAR WINNERS

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences (AMPAS) awards Oscars the year after each movie was released.

Best Picture
12 Years A Slave 2013, produced by Brad Pitt, Steve McQueen, Dede Gardner, Jeremy Kleiner and Anthony Katanas
Moonlight 2016, produced by Adele Romanski, Dede Gardner and Jeremy Kleiner

Best Actor
Sidney Poitier, 1963, Lilies Of The Field
Denzel Washington, 2001, Training Day
Jamie Foxx, 2004, Ray
Forest Whitaker, 2006, The Last King of Scotland

Best Actress
Halle Berry, 2001, Monster’s Ball

Best Supporting Actor
Louis Gossett, Jr., 1982, An Officer and A Gentleman
Denzel Washington, 1989, Glory
Cuba Gooding, Jr., 1996, Jerry Maguire
Morgan Freeman, 2004, Million Dollar Baby
Mahershala Ali, 2016, Moonlight
Mahershala Ali, 2018, Green Book

Best Supporting Actress
Hattie McDaniel, 1939, Gone With The Wind
Whoopi Goldberg, 1990, Ghost
Jennifer Hudson, 2006, Dreamgirls
Mo’Nique, 2009, Precious
Octavia Spencer, 2011, The Help
Lupita Nyong’o, 2013, 12 Years a Slave
Viola Davis, 2016, Fences
Regina King, 2018, If Beale Street Could Talk

Best Adapted Screenplay
Geoffrey Fletcher, 2009, Precious
John Ridley, 2013, 12 Years A Slave
Barry Jenkins, 2016, Moonlight
Spike Lee, 2018, BlacKkKlansman

Best Original Screenplay
Jordan Peele, 2017, Get Out

Best Production Design
Hannah Beachler, 2018, Black Panther

Best Costume Design
Ruth Carter, 2018, Black Panther

Best Animated Short Film
Kobe Bryant, 2017, Dear Basketball

Special Oscar Awards
James Baskett, 1948, for playing Uncle Remus in Song of the South
Sidney Poitier, 2001, for Lifetime Achievement
James Earl Jones, 2011, for Lifetime Achievement
Oprah Winfrey, 2011, Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Harry Belafonte, 2014, Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award

BLACK ACADEMY NOMINEES

Dorothy Dandridge in Carmen Jones

Dorothy Dandridge in Carmen Jones

These movies and artists were nominated for Academy Awards, but did not win. Dates listed are when the movie was released in America:

Best Picture
The Color Purple 1985
Precious 2009
Django Unchained 2012
Beasts of The Southern Wild 2012
Selma 2014
Fences 2016
Hidden Figures 2016
Get Out 2017
BlacKkKlansman 2018
BlacK Panther 2018

Best Director
John Singleton, 1992, Boys N The Hood
Lee Daniels, 2010, Precious
Steve McQueen, 2013, 12 Years A Slave
Jordan Peele, 2017, Get Out
Spike Lee, 2018, BlacKkKlansman

Best Original Screenplay
Spike Lee, 1989, Do The Right Thing
John Singleton, 1991, Boyz ‘N The Hood

Best Adapted Screenplay
Dee Rees, 2017, Mudbound

Best Actor
Sidney Poitier, 1958, The Defiant Ones
James Earl Jones, 1970, The Great White Hope
Paul Winfield, 1972, Sounder
Dexter Gordon, 1986, Round Midnight
Morgan Freeman, 1989, Driving Miss Daisy
Denzel Washington, 1992, Malcolm X
Laurence Fishburne, 1993, What’s Love Got to Do with It
Morgan Freeman, 1994, The Shawshank Redemption
Denzel Washington, 1999, The Hurricane
Will Smith, 2001, Ali
Don Cheadle, 2004, Hotel Rwanda
Terence Howard, 2005, Hustle & Flow
Will Smith, 2006, The Pursuit of Happyness
Morgan Freeman, 2009, Invictus
Denzel Washington, 2012, Flight
Chiwetel Ejiofor, 2013, 12 Years A Slave
Denzel Washington, 2016, Fences
Denzel Washington, 2017, Roman J Israel, Esq.
Daniel Kaluuya, 2017, Get Out

Best Actress
Dorothy Dandridge, 1954, Carmen Jones
Diana Ross, 1972, Lady Sings the Blues
Cicely Tyson, 1972, Sounder
Diahann Carroll, 1974, Claudine
Whoopi Goldberg, 1985, The Color Purple
Angela Bassett, 1993, What’s Love Got to Do With It
Gabourey Sidibe, 2009, Precious
Viola Davis, 2011, The Help
Quvenzhane Wallis, 2012, Beasts of the Southern Wild
Ruth Nega, 2012, Loving
Cynthia Arivo, 2019, Harriet

Best Supporting Actor
Rupert Crosse, 1969, The Reivers
Howard Rollins, 1981, Ragtime
Adolph Caesar, 1984, A Soldier’s Story
Morgan Freeman, 1987, Street Smart
Denzel Washington, 1987, Cry Freedom
Jaye Davidson, 1992, The Crying Game
Samuel L. Jackson, 1994, Pulp Fiction
Michael Clarke Duncan, 1999, The Green Mile
Djimon Hounsou, 2003, In America
Jamie Foxx, 2004, Collateral
Djimon Hounsou 2006, Blood Diamond
Eddie Murphy 2006, Dreamgirls
Barkhad Abdi, 2013, Captain Phillips

Best Supporting Actress
Ethel Waters, 1949, Pinky
Juanita Moore, 1959, Imitation of Life
Beah Richards, 1967, Guess Who’s Coming To Dinner
Alfre Woodard, 1983, Cross Creek
Oprah Winfrey, 1985, The Color Purple
Margaret Avery, 1985, The Color Purple
Marianne Jean-Baptiste, 1996, Secrets & Lies
Queen Latifah, 2002, Chicago
Sophie Okenedo, 2004, Hotel Rwanda
Ruby Dee, 2007, American Gangster
Viola Davis, 2008, Doubt
Taraji P. Henson 2008, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button
Octavia Spencer, 2016, Hidden Figures
Mary J Blige, 2017, Get Out

Best Film Editing
Barry Alexander Brown, 2018, BlacKkKlansman

Best Music – Original Score
Terrence Blanchard, 2018, BlacKkKlansman

Best Animated Feature Film
The Princess and the Frog, 2010

As we celebrate Black Hollywood Progress, also recognize two actors snubbed by what many have called “Liberal Hollywood.”

In 1993, Angeles Bassett gave an astounding portrayal of Tina Turner, while Laurence Fishbone aptly portrayed both the brutality and humanity of Ike Turner in What’s Love Got To Do With It. The movie was loved by most critics and still ranks well on IMDB.com. It cost $15 million to make, yet earned a respectable $39 million at the box office and brought in substantial broadcast revenue before the award season. Many American viewers saw the movie.

The Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HPFA) awarded Angela Bassett the Golden Globe for Best Actress. Angela and Laurence were nominated for Best Actress/Actor by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences (AMPAS) as well. The movie soundtrack, Tina Turner’s What’s Love Got To Do With It best song, won awards and sold well in 1984 on the Private Dancer album. If the movie was about a white music star, it checked every box for the lead actress to win the Oscar as well.

Yet the conservative white male membership of AMPAS snubbed her for the 1994 Best Actress Oscar. If same movie was made in 2002 or later, you can bet your last dollar that Angela Bassett would have received a Best Actress Oscar too.

Another black actor’s body of work that belongs among the Greatest All-Time Screen Actors, as ranked by the American Film Institute. When you see movie critics rave about the screen work of Humphrey Bogart, Cary Grant, Marlon Brando, Spencer Tracy and James Stewart, think equally of Denzel Washington. Consider this resume, when for much of his early career, mostly white male AMPAS voters lacked sensitivity to even watch movies featuring an African-American lead.

Denzel Washington Wins, Nominations & Snubs for AMPAS Best Actor

1. 2016 Fences – Troy Maxson; Denzel Washington checked all the boxes to anticipate a second Best Actor Oscar. Fences was written by Tony Award-winning playwright, August Wilson. Denzel won Best Actor Tony Award for his Troy Maxson role and Viola Davis won the Best Actress Tony Award for her Rose Maxson role on Broadway. The movie he directed, Fences, was AMPAS nominated for Best Picture. A number of actors previously won Tony awards and Oscar awards portraying the same character. Denzel won the Cecil B. DeMille Award a year earlier from the HPFA. The $24 million budget for Fences generated $64 million worldwide box office. That’s important because it allowed AMPAS voters to respect a Best Picture nominee that made money, even if they preferred other movies for Best Picture.

Most importantly, Denzel had never won a Best Male Actor Award from the Screen Actors Guild (SAG) comprised of people who live and breath acting. In 10 years prior, every SAG Best Male Actor winner also won the Oscar for Best Actor. Denzel won the SAG Best Actor Award for his Try Maxson performance.

Aside from AMPAS voter bias, what else happened? Since most HPFA and AMPAS voters had no basis relating to a character study about African-American life in 1960s Pittsburgh, a lengthy marketing and education initiative was required. Though the movie completed filming in mid-June 2016 and had little post-production work, Paramount waited until late November 2016 to shallow market Fences, then limited release it on 16 December 2016.

Sadly, most HPFA and AMPAS voters were swayed by the early release date (January 2016) and year-long marketing of Manchester By The Sea. Many voters chose Casey Affleck as Best Actor before seeing Denzel Washington in Fences or pre-release marketing of the film. In contrast, most SAG voters waited to see the on-screen performances by Denzel and Viola before they voted. Unfortunately, SAG members are a minority of AMPAS voters.

To ensure that Viola Davis won overdue recognition from her peers, the movie studio chose not to force a vote between her and Emma Stone’s fine performance in La La Land, which made $151 million box office and won the Golden Globe for Best Picture – Musical/Comedy category. Since Viola Davis was long overdue (3-time Oscar nominee, 5-time Golden Globe nominee, 6-time SAG Award nominee, 4-time SAG Winner) her AMPAS Oscar vote was practically “baked in”, movie unseen.

The Tony Award duo of Denzel Washington and Viola Davis gave dramatic character studies lauded by critics and theatre-lovers who focus on acting more than cinematic flourishes. SAG voters got it right. Viola Davis won a clean sweep — SAG award, Golden Globe and Oscar for Best Supporting Actress. Denzel only won his first Best Male Actor Award from the Screen Actors Guild (SAG). When Casey Affleck’s role in Manchester is long forgotten, coaches will use Denzel Washington’s towering performance in Fences to teach acting for decades to come.

Fences

Viola Davis and Denzel Washington in Fences

2. 1992 Malcolm X; A nearly 80% white male AMPAS membership would not award Best Actor for portrayal of a controversial black icon. Compounding the snub, many AMPAS voters hated Malcolm X Director Spike Lee for calling out Hollywood racism. Those “issues” made it convenient for AMPAS voters to use the “Al Pacino was due on his 7th Academy Award Nomination” cover story. Denzel was robbed and Al Pacino knows it, because he too was robbed of the same award portraying Michael Corleone in The Godfather Part II.

3. 2001 Training Day – Alonzo; Though Russell Crowe’s performance in A Beautiful Mind was excellent and memorable, based on repeat viewing of both exceptional performances, the slight nod still goes to Denzel for Best Actor Oscar.

4. 1999 The Hurricane – Rubin Carter; Despite this being a well-directed bio-pic by Hollywood insider Norman Jewison, a less diverse AMPAS membership could not relate to Denzel’s transformative portrayal of a black boxer set-up by one dirty white cop and wrongly sentenced to jail for 19 years. AMPAS voters found it easier to relate to Kevin Spacey’s character as a grown man’s sexual fantasy with a high school girl in American Beauty. Though robbed for Malcolm X (1992) and snubbed from acting nominations in Philadelphia (1994) and Crimson Tide (1995), this one had to hurt. But in a classy move, Denzel saluted Kevin Spacey’s win.

5. 2012 Flight – Whip Whitaker; This was another fine performance that earned an Academy Award Nomination for Best Actor.

6. 2017 Roman J. Israel, Esq.; Only a masterful portrayal of an unusual character by Denzel could earn an AMPAS Best Actor Nomination in such a weakly written movie. Bravo to Denzel for saluting Gary Oldman’s Best Actor Oscar in the Darkest Hour.

7. 1995 Crimson Tide – Hunter; The Denzel Washington and Gene Hackman dynamic-duo got snubbed in a character-driven war movie that critics and viewers still love. Since both actors should have received a Best Actor Nomination in the movie, they probably spilt votes.

Denzel Washington Wins, Nominations & Snubs for AMPAS Best Supporting Actor

1. 1989 Glory – Private Trip; One-tear Denzel earned Best Supporting Actor Oscar.

2. 1993 Philadelphia – Joe Miller; Without scene-stealing Denzel, whose character was complimentary to Best Actor winner Tom Hanks and had the best lines, this movie would not have been nominated for Best Screenplay. It is a stain on Hollywood that Denzel was NOT nominated for Best Supporting Actor.

3. 1987 Cry Freedom – Steve Biko; Denzel steals every scene to earn a Best Supporting Actor Nomination. Even if Denzel were white, he’d have to chalk this one up to paying dues in Hollywood.

Even if one grants that Al Pacino was overdue in 1992, Denzel Washington should have 3 Oscars for Best Actor accompanying the 1 Oscar for Best Supporting Actor on his mantlepiece. He should also 9-10 Acting Nominations each from AMPAS and HPFA. If born 20 years later, when a younger generation of AMPAS and HPFA voters became more comfortable with diversity, his Oscar and Golden Globe wins & nominations would surely be in that range.

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