SoulOfAmerica, complimented by our partner Soul-Patrol, has accumulated a library of geography background info, musical artist reviews, interviews and audio clips. Over the years, this project has enriched with content that has national significance. A Hip-Hop section is in the works.
Top Black Music Cities
Black folks often write about Black Music in terms of a personality or their latest hit record or concert. Those approaches are entertaining and often enlightening, particularly for readers who have little background knowledge about the artist. But if we also examine important aspects of Black Music in a geographic and chronologic manner, your point of view can take on a new dimension (no pun intended) that connects old school with new school. Such a bird’s eye view of Black Music has cultural significance to our many visitors because its easy to connect with the great music of Marvin Gaye, to name but one.
Top Black Musicians in Cities
Though it blossomed in cities, Black Music was born on the agony of slave plantations that sparked Negro spirituals and when the moonshine flowed in devilish moments, it sparked others to sing the Blues. No one can assign a precise birth date or sole originator for those musical genres in non-commercial times.
The lineage of commercial Black Music points to five sources: Buddy Bolden (New Orleans) invented Jazz. Scott Joplin (St. Louis) invented Ragtime. W.C. Handy (Memphis) published the first catalog of Blues music. Thomas A. Dorsey (Georgia to Chicago), the Father of Gospel music, got a huge assist from Mahalia Jackson (New Orleans), the Queen of Gospel. Continent-trotting bandleader and entertainer Louis Jordan (Arkansas) was the Father of R&B.The evolution of R&B was further propelled by an old “Blues Shouter” named Big Joe Turner (Los Angeles), Ruth Brown (Virginia-DC-New York) and Ike Turner (St. Louis), the Artist & Repertoire man who authored the first Rock n’ Roll record, discovered Tina Turner and Jackie Wilson, and introduced Elvis Presley and B.B. King to Sun Records. Early Rock n’ Roll was further shaped by Bo Diddley, Chuck Berry and Little Richard who remained tied to the music genre, even as its commercial support and artistic growth crossed over to white audiences.
You could not be a successful Black Music artist in the 1950s without the constituent elements of Soul (Gospel, Jazz, Blues and R&B) in your background. So the inventor of Soul Music is a hazy subject for debate among music historians. But the conditions for Soul Music to sprout were perfectly clear in Memphis, New Orleans, St. Louis, Chicago, Detroit, Philadelphia, New York and Los Angeles.
Large talent polls were born in or migrated to those markets including Ray Charles, Ike Turner, Sam Cooke, Etta James, Solomon Burke, James Brown, Otis Redding, Jackie Wilson, Curtis Mayfield, Jerry Butler, Nina Simone and the Isley Brothers, who all put their stamp on Soul Music from during its formative years of 1955-1958. Simultaneously, record companies including, but not limited to Vee Jay, Chess, King and Mercury in Chicago, Stax in Memphis, Motown in Detroit, and Atlantic in New York City added urban sophistication while preserving Black cultural authenticity while expanded Soul Music as a commercially healthy, alternative to the white-influenced evolution of Rock n’ Roll. Partly as an alternative to the evolution of Rock n’ Roll, Aretha Franklin, James Brown, Otis Redding, Jerry Butler, STAX and Motown took Soul Music to another level in the 1960s.
Founded in 1971, Philadelphia International Records gave Soul Music a life extension after the near-death experience of Disco. Big props to Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff for sustaining Soul Music up to the rise of Hip-Hop.
Since 2003, the deaths of Ray Charles, Barry White, James Brown, Bo Diddley, Isaac Hayes, Luther Vandross, Michael Jackson, Whitney Houston, BB King, Maurice White of Earth Wind & Fire and Prince has dealt a devastating loss of artists who made American Music great. Elder Hip-Hop stars are recognizing the importance of our musical legacy as well. Age has a way of doing that. See this Black Music article written by Bob Davis in Elmore magazine, then dive into the Top Black Music Cities below.