Bethania Community, Winston-Salem Heritage Sites

Bethania Community site in Winston-Salem; credit Visit Winston-Salem

Winston-Salem Heritage Sites

Winston-Salem Heritage Sites include a wide base of black churches for a city of its size.

St. Paul United Methodist Church
DESCRIPTION: Formed in 1871 and moved to its present site near Depot Street School in 1879, the church has played a major role in guiding and reassuring African Americans from Reconstruction Era through the Civil Rights Movement.
ADDRESS: 2400 Dellabrook Road, Winston-Salem, NC MAP
PHONE: 336-723-4531

St. James AME Church
DESCRIPTION: A loosely-knit congregation at its 1877 inception, the church found permanence for its congregation when it organized under AME bishop leadership in 1882. The church remains a force for social change and comfort.
ADDRESS: 1501 Patterson Avenue, Winston-Salem, NC MAP
PHONE: 336-724-3865

Lloyd Presbyterian Church
DESCRIPTION: Founded in 1886 by Northern missionaries outreaching to African Americans; one of the oldest Black churches in the region and on the National Register of Historic Places.
ADDRESS: 748 Chestnut Street, Winston-Salem, NC MAP
PHONE: none listed

Goler Memorial AME Zion Church
DESCRIPTION: Established in 1881, it is one of several in the region listed on the National Register of Historic Places; Goler takes its name from Dr. W.H. Goler who briefly served as pastor and donated land for the present church site in 1886.
ADDRESS: 630 Patterson Avenue, Winston-Salem, NC MAP
PHONE: 336-724-9411

Bethania Community
DESCRIPTION: The second of the villages of Wachovia, Bethania, was laid out in 1759, in part to deal with the crowded conditions brought on by refugees; After only 13 years in the wilderness, some 166 people lived in the two communities; it later became known as a slave community.
ADDRESS: Bethania Road at Bethania Rural Hall Road, Winston-Salem, NC MAP

Old Salem
DESCRIPTION: There are many still standing structures that housed African Americans as residents or workers during the times of the Moravian congregation, including the Davy House, Single Brothers House, Miksh House, Volger House, and Salem Tavern. This town is also notable for schools and other public facilities that featured integrated settings nothing less than extraordinary for the South. God’s Acre cemetery in the 1770s buried Moravians of African descent side-by-side with Moravians of European descent and Salem Academy and College admitted its first African American female in 1785. Juxtaposed against the more enlightened treatment of humanity in Old Salem, one can also point to Happy Hill just east of St Philips Church where the first enslaved people in the region were kept by Dr. Frederick Henry Schuman in 1816.
ADDRESS: south of downtown Winston-Salem, NC MAP

African Moravian Church
DESCRIPTION: A log cabin church was built here in Old Salem in 1823, a year after their separate congregation was established due to exclusion by the European Moravian congregation from the nearby Home Moravian Church. This edifice is the nation’s oldest African American Moravian congregation. The church briefly served as a Freedmen’s hospital after the Civil War. It has been reconstructed as a historic site.
ADDRESS: Church Street just before it bends into Race Street, Winston-Salem, NC MAP

St. Philip’s Moravian Church
DESCRIPTION: Adjacent to the African Moravian Church site, St Philips was constructed in 1861 and is the oldest still standing African American Moravian church; several anthropological digs are still underway at this National Historic Site.
ADDRESS: Church Street in Old Salem, NC MAP

Simon G. Atkins House
DESCRIPTION: Built-in 1893 by Dr. Atkins, founder of Slater Industrial Academy, this house was the first constructed in the Columbia Heights black community; it is a local historic landmark. It is now part of Winston-Salem State University.
ADDRESS: 346 Atkins Street, Winston-Salem, NC MAP

A Robinson Building
DESCRIPTION: Built-in 1941, this rare surviving structure anchored the Black business community during segregation. It housed a funeral home until the 1980s. Now it’s listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
ADDRESS: 707-709 Patterson Ave, Winston-Salem, NC MAP


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