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NORFOLK, HAMPTON and VIRGINIA BEACH



 

Ham-Emancipation-Oak-Tree.jpg
Emancipation Oak Tree at Hampton University

 

NORFOLK, HAMPTON and VIRGINIA BEACH

HISTORIC SITES

 

Hampton, VA

Old Point Comfort, Fort Monroe
DESCRIPTION: A historic lighthouse surrounded by a stone fort marks Old Point Comfort where, in August 1619 a ship arrived at Point Comfort carrying free and enslaved Africans; many free Africans settled in Hampton; during the Civil War, Union Major General Benjamin F Butler first declared here that runaway slaves were "contraband of war" and refused to return them to Confederate owners; upon hearing the news thousands of people escaping slavery sought refuge at Fort Monroe -- many came to nickname it "Freedom's Fortress"; within the fort Casemate Museum tells the story of the fort's role as a Union stronghold in a Confederate state, the "contrabands" and a black history film; make advance reservations to see the film

ADDRESS: Fort Monroe  MAP

PHONE: 757-727-3391

Little England Chapel
DESCRIPTION: A National Historic Landmark constructed by
Hampton students as a Sunday school for black children in 1879; the only known black missionary chapel in Virginia features exhibits on the religious life of post-Civil War African Americans; has plans to add a museum next door with computer driven exhibits of African American history in the area; call to arrange a tour guide from 9a-5p

ADDRESS: 4100 Kecoughtan Road  MAP

PHONE: 757-723-6803

William Trusty House
DESCRIPTION: Considered of great strategic value to the Union forces during the Civil War because of its proximity to Fort Monroe; became a haven for emancipated slaves in the decades following the war, when the black population greatly increased; this elaborately decorated home is a symbol of Trusty's political, social and economic success in the Reconstruction Period

ADDRESS: 76 West Country Street, entrance to Fort Monroe  MAP

Emancipation Oak Tree
DESCRIPTION: A National Historic Landmark and more than 135 years old, this beautiful oak tree is supported in places due to heavy loping branches; beneath this tree the Emancipation Proclamation was first read to Hampton residents

ADDRESS: Hampton University, Tyler Street entrance, left at Emancipation Drive  MAP

Virginia-Cleveland Hall
DESCRIPTION: Designed by renowned architect Richard Morris Hunt, this beautiful Victorian building was completed in 1874. Cleveland Hall was added in 1901; Virginia-Cleveland Hall is a National Historic Landmark located on the

ADDRESS: Hampton University, to the right of Ogden Hall  MAP


Hampton Roads Voice
A weekly newspaper the covers mostly Newport News and Hampton

ADDRESS: 2600 Washington Ave

PHONE: 757-244-5654

 

Jamestown, VA

Jamestown Colony
DESCRIPTION: Take an hour to visit this important National Historic Landmark; at this idyllic river-front settlement America's shameful enslavement of Africans began; a vessel carrying “20 and odd” Africans arrived at Old Point Comfort in August 1619 and is believed to have been called the Treasurer and the passengers are believed to be the first Africans brought to British North America as slaves; their arrival ushered in the era of American chattel slavery and lay the foundation for a history that is both startling and inspiring; what is equally startling is that some former indentured servants later held slaves of their own

ADMISSION: small entry fee

DAYS & HOURS: daily

ADDRESS: Colonial National Historic Parkway  MAP

PHONE: 757-898-3400

Williamsburg, VA

Carter’s Grove Plantation & Park
DESCRIPTION: This 17th century plantation and gardens features a reconstruction of the original slave quarters; interpreters explain how they made life better for the owners in contrast to their lives at the plantation

ADDRESS: Route 60 at Pocohontas Trail  MAP

PHONE: 800-447-8679

Norfolk, VA

Eureka Lodge
DESCRIPTION: Formed in 1897 under the leadership of Benjamin F. Howard, it was the First African-American Elks Lodge in the world; a social and leisure club, Eureka was also the site of many fundraisers to benefit national and local charities. Norfolk State University and Norfolk Community Hospital were special beneficiaries of the Elks' work; in 1940, the Eureka Lodge severed its ties with the national Elks

ADDRESS: Wood Street, next to Norfolk State University's forerunner, the Norfolk Unit of Virginia Union University  MAP

Eureka Llodge is now at 3016 East Princess Anne Road  MAP

PHONE: 757-627-3163

Courtland, VA

Nat Turner Uprising Site
DESCRIPTION: Nat Turner, a visionary and heroic leader to 70 escaped people for ending slavery by any means necessary; a villain to others because on 21-22 August 1831 his uprising killed 60 people; he went plantation to plantation freeing slaves, Turner was not captured until 30 October 1831 when his ammunition ran out; he and about 18 others were hanged in Jerusalem, VA on 11 November 1831; after his death many laws were toughened to prevent future uprisings; though many of the raided homes remain, they are in private hands -- no visitors allowed; about 40 miles east of downtown Norfolk, take I-264 until it past the interchange with I-64, the next exit is US 58 freeway, continue going west on US 58 even after it changes to a highway and then a freeway again some miles ahead, a few exits past Franklin you should see the exit for

ADDRESS: Courtland in Southhampton County  MAP

PHONE: 757-723-2696; ask for Khalifa of UBUS to schedule a Nat Turner Trail Tour


New Journal & Guide
Founded in 1900, it is the nation’s third oldest Black newspaper and has a 25,000-reader circulation

ADDRESS: 362 Campostella Road

PHONE: 757-543-6531

WEBSITE: http://www.njournalg.com

Chesapeake, VA

The Battle of Great Bridge
DESCRIPTION: Site features a marker where the Black Ethiopian Regiment fought Americans on behalf of the British in the Revolutionary War

ADDRESS: exit I-64 Freeway to Battlefield Parkway, then look for the marker  MAP

Virginia Beach, VA

Heritage Plantation
DESCRIPTION: An extensively remodeled historic house on part of the land granted to William Brock, an immigrant listed in the Shirley Hundred Muster of 1624; through the years his descendants added to the land; by 1860 Ransome Brock was the owner of 8,000 acres in this area. This house, was built circa 1850 with the help of slave labor; now faced with brick and white pillars, it is currently a nursery

ADDRESS: 1255 Princess Anne Road in Pungo  MAP

Ferry Plantation House
DESCRIPTION: 1830 brick (once covered with oyster shell stucco) ten-room central passage plan Federal farm house, built by slave labor, faces the Western Branch of the Lynnhaven River as the last witness to the rich past of the site's recorded history; t0he third courthouse, which was also the first brick courthouse in the county, was on this site; the stately Walke mansion, circa 1780, was destroyed by fire; The existing Ferry Plantation House was built, in part, of bricks salvaged from the ruins; Currently being renovated by Friends of the Ferry Plantation House, Inc. in partnership with the City of Virginia Beach, the house soon will be an educational center open to the public

ADDRESS: 4136 Cheswick Lane  MAP

PHONE: 757-473-5182

Seatack Community
DESCRIPTION: Oldest Black Community in Virginia Beach; formerly known as Princess Anne County; the name was derived from the War of 1812 when the British attacked an unarmed American ship and someone called out "Sea Attack"; the community has several historic churches dating back to 1885, a community park, and an elementary school t ocompletely integrate into Virginia Beach school system

ADDRESS: Birdneck Road  MAP

Fairfield
DESCRIPTION: The house built by Anthony Walke (II), between 1750 and 1770; Fairfield had liveried Black servants, blacksmiths, wagon-makers, saddlers, and tradesmen imported from England; it had a number of houses and ships, but was severely damaged by vandals in the 1970s and torn down; the Fairfield name is perpetuated by a residential community and shopping area located on the site

ADDRESS: exact site is unknown, but it is believed that the entrance to the house was on Kempsville Road just south of Princess Anne Road; the property extended to the south and west from there; the area is now fully developed  MAP

 

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